Jogging is a hybrid gait comprising some elements of walking and some of running.
Many areas of modern ‘science’ are characterised by lack of consensus and equivocal findings. The effect of the chosen footwear is a perfect example for that.
Attempts to define human foot function have a long history. This post provides a brief overview of these attempts and their strengths and weaknesses, ending with a new definition.
There are still many that believe the heel-toe pattern is not how our ancestors used to walk, especially when barefoot. Walking (even barefoot and in sandals) is a heel-toe gait.
The evolutionary drive to minimise energy cost seems to have been ignored by modern proponents of forefoot walking. This piece will dispel the myth that humans are evolved to walk on the forefoot.
Up to 50% of all running injuries are at the knee. Among the most common is patellofemoral pain syndrome: excessive inward collapse and internal rotation of the knee under load.
Effective and efficient energy transfer is nature’s first principle of design. It is evident in all biological systems and structures, as well as the behaviours they facilitate.
An undisputed law of biology is that form both follows and determines function which provides an adaptable and stable base of support. A functional foot should therefore have dynamic flexibility.
Improvements in function, fitness and health are adaptations to intelligent physical activity, but they are hard won. The body is reluctant to commit the energy, protein and other resources.
Running-related injury rates are between 30% and 80% annually; the knee being the most common site of injury. This prevalence has promoted research into possible mechanisms and solutions.
Structural disorders of the foot cause pain, mobility problems and decreased quality of life affecting over 60% of older adults. Deformity of the great toe is the most common disorder.
Being physically active appears particularly important in mid / later life to maintain structural integrity and brain size, and to prevent vascular issues that lead to future mental decline.